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Rita Hayworth
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Rita Hayworth, New York 1918-1987

Gawo I

"Tivomerezane, gawo lalikulu la moyo wanga lidayang'aniridwa ndi chithunzi cha mayi wonyalanyaza, atagwada pakama, ndikumwetulira kosangalatsa pakamwa pake. Chithunzi chachikazi chokopa kwambiri chotuluka ku Hollywood m'mbiri yonse ya cinema".

Mayi ameneyo anali Rita Hayworth ndipo sitingasankhe mawu abwino kuposa kuvomereza koona kwa wotsutsa waku America kuti apereke munthu yemwe anali woposa nyenyezi yaku Hollywood. Mawu otsutsawo analankhulidwa 14 May 1987, pomwe dziko lapansi lidadziwitsidwa kuti mtsikanayo adamwalira kunyumba kwa mwana wawo wamkazi Yasmine ku New York.

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Ndipo chithunzi chomwe amatchulacho chinali chowombera chotchuka kuchokera m'magaziniyo moyo mu 1941. Chithunzi chomwe chidatsogolera mkonzi wa magazini, Winthrop Sargent, kuti abatize Rita Hayworth "The American Love Goddess", Mkazi Wachikazi waku America Wachikondi. Chithunzi chomwe asitikali a Yankee adatenga nawo mbali zonse, ndipo chomwe chidalumikizidwa ndi bomba la atomiki. Apa ndipamene dzina lina lotchulidwira, bomba lofiira la atomiki. Nkhondo itatha adakhala mkazi wofunidwa kwambiri ndi amuna padziko lonse lapansi, kukhala bomba logonana la thupi lawo lopindika komanso mayendedwe ake pakuwombera makanema ake.

Rita Hayworth ndi Hollywood

Dziko la cinema linali pamapazi ake, koma Rita Hayworth sanakonde dziko lapansi. Chithunzi cha zizindikilo zakugonana chimatopa naye mwachangu. "Ndikudziwa kuti amadana ndi studio za Hollywood ndi mphamvu zake zonseAnatero director Rouben Mamoulian, yemwe amawongolera ku Blood and Sand. "Hollywood idapanga Rita Hayworth, ndipo Rita Hayworth sanakonde zomwe anali. Nthawi zonse amadzimva ngati kapolo wamachitidwe, nthawi zonse amakhala akuyembekeza kutsimikizira luso lake munjira zina".

Mwamuna wake wachiwiri, Orson Welles, PA adaganiza kuti: "Sanapatsidwepo gawo malinga ndi kuthekera kwake”Anatero zaka zingapo zapitazo. "My The Lady waku Shanghai sinalinso galimoto yoyenera". Hayworth nthawi zambiri ankati: "Abwana aku Columbia Pictures a Harry Cohn adandigwira ngati kapolo. Zinandilepheretsa kukhala ndekha. Linalinso lingaliro lake kuyika chithunzi changa pa bomba la atomiki". Koma ku Hollywood, ndiye, ndipo mwina osati kokha pamenepo, awa anali malamulo. Chifukwa chake idamangidwa nthano ya Mkazi wamkazi Wachikondi, yemwe adalimbikitsa nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse.

Panalibenso Rita Hayworth, kapena Margarita Cansino, dzina lake lenileni, koma adangokhala Gilda. Mawu ake ndi otchuka: "Amuna amagona ndi Gilda ndipo amadzuka nane".

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Mbiri Yake

Margarita Carmen Cansino adabadwira ku New York pa Okutobala 17, 1918. Adapanga koyamba ali ndi zaka 13 mu kalabu yausiku yaku Mexico, ngati wovina. Mwana wamkazi waluso, amayi ake aku Ireland, Volga Haworth, ndi wovina ku Ziegfeld. Ziegfeld Follies anali mndandanda wamasewera omwe adapangidwa pa Broadway kuyambira 1907 mpaka 1931. Adawuziridwadi ndi Folies Bergère ku Paris. Abambo ake, Edoardo Cansino, waku Spain, ndi mphunzitsi wovina wotchuka. Ali ndi zaka 17, dzina lake Rita Cansino, adayamba kugwira ntchito ya Fox. Chaka chosinthira komanso kupambana koyambirira ndi 1941, pomwe amatanthauzira "Strawberry tsitsi”Wolemba Roul Walsh.

Anali Purezidenti wa Columbia Harry Cohn yemwe adadzipangira dzina loti, Rita Hayworth. Komabe mchaka chomwecho, amasewera Donna Sol, mu "Magazi ndi mchenga"Wolemba Robert Mamoulian ndi makanema awiri ndi Fred Astaire,"Chimwemwe chosatheka"Wolemba Sidney Lanfield ndi"Simunawoneke okongola chonchi”Wolemba William S. Seiter. Koma kanema yemwe amamupatulira ku nthanoyo ndichaka 1946, "Gilda”Wolemba Charles Vidor, moyang'anizana ndi Glenn Ford, momwe amasewera ngati mayi wakuda. Chizindikiro chodzichotsa, atavula magolovesi ake atali ndi nyimbo ya "Ikani mlandu pa mame" ndi "Amado mio", mumudziwitse padziko lonse lapansi, kotero kuti dzina loti Gilda lidzalembedwa pa atomiki bomba linaphulitsidwa pachilumba cha Bikini.

Mwamuna wake Orson Welles

Orson Welles, mwamuna wake wachiwiri, amamutsogolera "Dona waku Shanghai”(1946), pomwe tsitsi lofiira lodziwika bwino la Rita limadulidwa ndikujambula platinamu. Ammayi The udindo wa wakupha ozizira. Mu 1948 amawombera "Zokonda za Carmen”Wolemba Charles Vidor ndipo mchaka chomwecho adakwatirana ndi Prince Alì Khan ku Europe, adakumana ku Côte d'Azur ndipo mwana wawo wamkazi Yasmine adabadwa mgulu lawo. Mu 1953 adamasulira "Mvula"Wolemba C. Bernhardt komanso mu 1957"Pa Joey”Wolemba G. Sidney, limodzi ndi a Frank Sinatra. Chaka chotsatira amasewera ndi Burt Lancaster "Magome osiyana”M'mene amasankhidwa kukhala Oscar.


Mu 1967 adasewera ku Roma "Wosangalatsa”Wolemba Terence Young, yochokera m'buku la Conrad la dzina lomweli. Pomaliza ukwati wake wachisanu ndi wopanga James Hill, Hayworth atatopa, atakhumudwa ku Hollywood, adadwala matenda a Alzheimer's omwe samadziwika kuti anali chidakwa, zomwe zimamupangitsa kuti akhale wopanda mphamvu. Mwana wamkazi Yasmine wapatsidwa udindo wosamalira amayi ake ndipo pa Meyi 14, 1987, ali ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu zisanu ndi zinayi, Rita Hayworth adamwalira ku New York mnyumba ya mwana wake wamkazi yemwe adakhazikitsa maziko okumbukira amayi ake, maziko a kafukufuku ndi chithandizo cha Alzheimer's.

Nkhani ya Stefano Vori

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