Ngati mukuvutika maganizo, mudzadziwa kuchokera kumtundu wa zithunzi zanu pa Instagram

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Malo ochezera a pa Intaneti akhala chiwonetsero komwe timagawana zomwe tapambana ndikuwonetsa nthawi zosangalatsa kwambiri pamoyo wathu. Komabe, mosasamala kanthu za kawonekedwe ka chimwemwe chowonekera, nkovuta kubisa malingaliro onga ngati chisoni. Ndipotu zithunzi zimene timaika pa malo ochezera a pa Intaneti zimanena zambiri za ife kuposa mmene timaganizira.

Zithunzi zomwe zatumizidwa pa Instagram, mwachitsanzo, zimapereka chidziwitso chochuluka chamaganizo. Zomwe zili muzithunzizi zitha kusungidwa poganizira zambiri: kodi pali anthu ochulukirapo? Anatengedwa kunja kapena mkati? Ndi masana kapena usiku?

Metadata ya Instagram imapereka zambiri: Kodi chithunzicho chidalandira ndemanga? Kodi mwalandira "like" zingati? Zoonadi, mikhalidwe ya pulatifomu, monga kugwiritsiridwa ntchito ndi kaŵirikaŵiri kakufalitsidwa, zingaperekenso chidziŵitso ku mkhalidwe wamaganizo wa munthu.

Pomaliza, zida zaukadaulo monga kuwala, mtundu ndi zosefera zimaperekanso chidziwitso cha momwe munthu amene adazikweza akumvera. Chifukwa chake, ndizotheka kuzindikira kukhumudwa kudzera pazithunzi zomwe zatumizidwa pa Instagram.

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Malangizo omwe amakupatsani mwayi wozindikira kukhumudwa pazithunzi za Instagram

Mu 2002, ofufuza a University of Towson adapeza ubale wabwino pakati pa kukhumudwa ndi chizolowezi chowona chilengedwe ngati chotuwa kapena chopanda mtundu. Atafunsa anthu 120 amene anawapeza ndi matenda ovutika maganizo, anatsimikiza kuti "Kukhudzidwa kwamtundu kumakhudzidwa panthawi yachisokonezo".

Zaka khumi ndi zisanu pambuyo pake, ofufuza aku Harvard University adadzifunsa ngati chisoni kapena chizoloŵezi cha kupsinjika maganizo chinganenedweratu mwa kusanthula zinthu monga mtundu, machulukidwe, kuwala ndi zosefera za zithunzi zomwe zimayikidwa pa mbiri ya Instagram.

Ofufuzawa adasanthula zithunzi za 43.950, zina mwazo zinali za anthu omwe adapezeka ndi matenda ovutika maganizo m'zaka zitatu zapitazi. Atasanthula zithunzizo adapeza kuti "Zithunzi zomwe zimatumizidwa ndi anthu ovutika maganizo zimakhala zobiriwira, zakuda komanso zotuwa."

Adapezanso kuti anthu athanzi nthawi zambiri amasankha zosefera za Instagram ngati "Valencia", zomwe zidapangitsa kuti zithunzi zawo zikhale zotentha komanso zowala. Kumbali ina, pakati pa anthu ovutika maganizo fyuluta yotchuka kwambiri inali "Inkwell", yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyika chithunzi chakuda ndi choyera. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, anthu ovutika maganizo amatha kugwiritsa ntchito zosefera zomwe zimachotsa mitundu yonse pazithunzi zomwe adagawana.

Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, mapulogalamu a algorithmic omwe ofufuza adagwiritsa ntchito kuti azindikire kukhumudwa kuchokera pazithunzi za Instagram adazindikira bwino vutoli mu 70% ya milandu, kuchuluka kwadzidzidzi poganizira kuti sing'anga amangozindikira 42% ya milandu yomwe imabwera kuchipatala chanu.

Kodi kukhumudwa kumapangitsa chilichonse kukhala chotuwa?

Mitundu imalankhula za ife. Kafukufuku wina wopangidwa ku yunivesite ya Manchester adawonetsa kuti anthu athanzi amakonda kusankha chikasu kuti chiyimire malingaliro awo, pomwe anthu ovutika maganizo amasankha imvi. Pofotokoza zimene anasankha, iwo ankanena za kusasangalala komanso moyo wopanda mtundu, wonyozeka komanso wachisoni. Anthu okhumudwa adavomereza kuti adawona chilichonse "Imvi, yopepuka, yopanda utoto komanso yopanda utoto".

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Ofufuza ku yunivesite ya Freiburg apitanso gawo limodzi kuti awone ngati ili ndi gulu lodzimvera kapena ayi. Anayika maelekitirodi pazitsulo zapansi ndi makutu a anthu 40 ovutika maganizo ndi anthu 40 athanzi kuti ayese kuyankha kwa electrophysiological ya retina muzitsulo zakuda ndi zoyera zowala.

Iwo adapeza kuti anthu ovutika maganizo amavutika kuti azindikire kuwonjezeka kosiyana pamene mabwalowa adachoka ku zoyera mpaka zakuda. Izi zikutanthauza kuti munthu wovutika maganizo angaone dziko losiyana kwambiri, ngati kuti mitundu yake ndi yodetsedwa.

Kusintha kosiyana kumeneku kungayambitsidwe ndi mfundo yakuti minda yolandirira mu retina, yomwe ndi yofunika kwambiri kuti tizindikire kusiyana, imakhudzidwa ndi zochita za dopamine, imodzi mwa ma neurotransmitters omwe amachepetsa kuvutika maganizo.

Malire:



Reece, AG & Danforth, CM (2017) Zithunzi za Instagram zikuwonetsa zolosera za kupsinjika maganizo. EPJ Data Science; 6: 15. 

Carruthers, HR et. Al. (2010) The Manchester Color Wheel: kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira yatsopano yodziwira kusankha kwamitundu ndi kutsimikizika kwake mwa anthu athanzi, oda nkhawa komanso opsinjika. BMC Medical Research Njira; 10:12. 

Bubl, E. et. Al. (2010) Kuwona imvi mukamamva buluu? Kupsinjika maganizo kungayesedwe m'diso la wodwala. Biol Psychiatry; 68 (2): 205-8.

Barrick, CB ndi. Al. (2002) Kutengera mtundu ndi kusokonezeka kwamalingaliro: biology kapena fanizo? J Zimakhudza Kusokonezeka; 68 (1): 67-71.

Pakhomo Ngati mukuvutika maganizo, mudzadziwa kuchokera kumtundu wa zithunzi zanu pa Instagram idasindikizidwa koyamba mu Pakona ya Psychology.



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