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Audrey Hepburn, Ixelles, 1929-1993

Gawo I

Audrey Adaway (1)

Anali ndi maso ofanana ndi mwana wake wamwamuna wotchedwa Ip, yemwe amasunga m'nyumba mwake ngati chiweto. Audrey Hepburn chinali kalembedwe, kukongola, kukoma kwabwino komanso kukoma mtima m'njira, zosakanikirana ndikulowetsedwa mkati mwa thupi laling'ono koma zimatha kupanga kukongola kulikonse. Popeza adaphunzira luso la kuvina adakali wamng'ono adamupatsa mayendedwe a chisomo chosayerekezeka.

Ndi chovala chake cha sheath Hubert de Givenchy ha adapanga mbiri ya cinema, mafashoni ndi zovala. Osewera ambiri ayesa kuvala zovala izi, palibe amene angapangitse chisangalalo chowoneka chomwe ndi Audrey Hepburn yekha yemwe angakhale wotsimikizira, chifukwa palibe amene anali Audrey Hepburn.

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Pafupifupi zaka makumi atatu atamwalira amakhalabe chithunzi chosaiwalika komanso chosaiwalika cha kanema. Mibadwo yaying'ono, makamaka azimayi, imapezabe mwa iye mfundo yoti, North Star ingamutsatire mwakachetechete. Mukafuna kuyesa kumvetsetsa za kukongola mozama, kafukufukuyu ayenera kuyang'ana mbali imodzi yokha, zomwe zimabweretsa Audrey Hepburn.

Ngakhale mzaka zotsatira atamwalira, chithunzi ndi chithunzi cha Audrey Hepburn zidakhalabe amoyo m'maganizo a aliyense. Kona kulikonse padziko lapansi, chonamizira chilichonse chitha kukhala chovomerezeka posonyeza kumwetulira kosokoneza kwa wochita seweroli. Nkhopeyo ndikumwetulira kumeneku kunapereka bata, zimafotokoza zaumunthu wabwinobwino, ngakhale anali nkhope ndi kumwetulira kwa m'modzi mwa ochita zisudzo kwambiri m'mbiri ya cinema.

Imodzi mwamakanema okongola komanso odziwika kwambiri pachikhalidwe chosatha cha Disney anali "Kukongola ndi Chamoyo”, Chaka 1991. Pamene opanga adayamba kulingalira za mawonekedwe aku nkhope ya protagonist Belle, mukuganiza kwanu ndi nkhope iti yomwe adatenga ngati chitsanzo? Ndendende, za a Audrey Hepburn. Njira ina, ngati pakufunika, kuti ikhale yopanda kufa ngakhale kwa mibadwo yaying'ono.

Audrey Hepburn. Wambiri

Adabadwa pa Meyi 4, 1929 ku Ixelles, tawuni ya Brussels monga Audrey Kathleen Ruston, kwa bambo wachingerezi, a Joseph Anthony Ruston ndi mkazi wake wachiwiri, a Baroness Ella van Heemstra, a gulu lachifumu ku Dutch. Patadutsa zaka zochepa abambo a Audrey adawonjezeranso dzina loti Hepburn, yemwe anali agogo ake aamayi, kwa banja, ndikusintha kukhala Hepburn-Ruston. Mu 1939, makolo ake atasudzulana, banja la a Audrey lidasamukira ku mzinda wa Dutch ku Arnhem, akuyembekeza kuti apeza malo otetezeka ku nkhondo za Nazi.

Munthawi ya njala yozizira yozizira ya 1944, a Nazi adalanda chakudya ndi mafuta ochepa omwe anthu aku Dutch adakhala nawo. Popanda kutentha m'nyumba zawo kapena chakudya choti adye, anthu anali ndi njala kapena njala. Chifukwa cha kusowa kwa zakudya m'thupi, Hepburn adayamba kudwala ndipo zovuta zoyipa za nthawi yovutayi zidzamveka mzaka zotsatira. Akayamba ulendo wake monga kazembe wa Unicef ​​akumbutsa aliyense za zomvetsa chisonizi. Atakhala zaka zitatu ku Amsterdam, komwe adapitiliza maphunziro ake ovina, Audrey Hepburn adasamukira ku London mu 1948. Ku likulu la England adaphunzira kwa a Marie Rambert. Rambert adamuwuza momveka bwino kuti chifukwa cha kutalika kwake, pafupifupi 1m, komanso vuto la kuperewera kwa zakudya m'thupi panthawi yankhondo, anali ndi mwayi woti akhale prima ballerina. Panali nthawi imeneyi pomwe Hepburn adaganiza zoyeserera.

Maholide achiroma

Munali 1952 pomwe Hepburn adayesedwa kuti ayese kanema watsopanoyo ndi director waku America William wyler, "Maholide achiroma ". Paramount Pictures imafuna wosewera waku Britain a Elizabeth Taylor kuti azitsogolera koma, atawunika mayeso a Hepburn, Wyler adati, "Poyamba, adachita zojambulazo, kenako wina adamveka akufuula "Dulani!", Koma kuwomberako kunapitilirabe. Adadzuka pabedi ndikufunsa, "Zinali bwanji? Ndayenda bwino? ”. Anawona kuti aliyense anali chete komanso kuti magetsi anali akuyatsidwa. Mwadzidzidzi, adazindikira kuti kamera idakali ikugudubuza… Ili ndi zonse zomwe ndimayang'ana, chithumwa, kusalakwa komanso luso. Anali wokondeka mwamtheradi, ndipo tinauzana, “Ndiye iyeyo!".

Kujambula kunayamba mchilimwe cha 1952. Patatha milungu iwiri kuchokera kujambula Gregory akujompha, yemwe adatsogolera udindo wamwamuna, adamuyitanitsa wothandizirayo ndikufunsa kuti, pamndandanda, dzina la Hepburn likhale lodziwika bwino monga chifukwa chake: "Ndine wanzeru zokwanira kuti ndimvetsetse kuti msungwanayu apambana Oscar mu kanema wake woyamba ndipo ndiziwoneka wopusa ngati dzina lake silikhala pamwamba, limodzi ndi langa".
Hepburn adapambanadiOscar monga wojambula bwino kwambiri mu 1954. Pachochitikacho wojambulayo adavala diresi yoyera yoyera, yomwe pambuyo pake idzaweruzidwa kuti ndi yokongola komanso yokongola nthawi zonse.

Sabrina


Pambuyo pakupambana kwapadera kwa "Tchuthi Chachiroma", adayitanidwa kuti azichita nawo gawo lotsogolera azimayi mu kanema wa Billy Wilder, "Sabrina", pafupi ndi Humphrey Bogart e William Holden. Wopanga waku France Givenchy adasankhidwa kuti azisamalira zovala za Hepburn. Kuyambira pamenepo, awiriwa adapanga ubale komanso mgwirizano womwe ungakhale moyo wawo wonse. Za "Sabrina ", Hepburn adalandiranso kusankha onse'Best Actress Oscar, koma mphothoyo idapita kwa Grace Kelly. Kanemayo adalandira Oscar pazovala zabwino ndipo adakhazikitsa Hepburn kupita ku Olympus of Hollywood nyenyezi.

Cinderella ku Paris

Pofika theka lachiwiri la ma 1955, Audrey Hepburn anali m'modzi mwa akatswiri odziwika bwino kwambiri ku Hollywood komanso chithunzi cha kalembedwe kake: mu XNUMX aphungu a Golden Globe adamupatsa ulemu Mphoto ya Henrietta kwa ochita bwino kwambiri mu cinema wapadziko lonse. "Cinderella ku Paris ", Shot mu 1957, inali imodzi mwamakanema omwe Hepburn amakonda, komanso chifukwa idamupatsa mwayi, atakhala zaka zambiri akuphunzira kuvina, kuvina limodzi Fred Astaire. "Nkhani ya nun”Mu 1959, Ammayi adakumana ndi chimodzi mwamasulidwe ovuta kwambiri. Mafilimu Kubwereza analemba kuti: "kutanthauzira kwake kudzatseka pakamwa kwamuyaya kwa iwo omwe amamuganizira kwambiri ngati chizindikiro cha mkazi wapamwamba kuposa wochita zisudzo. Momwe amamuwonetsera Mlongo Luke ndichimodzi mwazabwino kwambiri zomwe sizinawoneke pazenera lalikulu. "

Chakudya cham'mawa ku Tiffany's

Khalidwe la Holly Moyenera, adasewera ndi iye mufilimuyi "Chakudya cham'mawa ku Tiffany's ", Wotsogozedwa ndi Blake Edwards mu 1961, adamuwona ngati m'modzi mwa anthu osangalatsa komanso oimira zisudzo ku America m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX. Masewerowa adapatsa ochita zisudzo mwayi wina wosankhidwa ndi Oscar, pambuyo pake anapambana Sophia Loren ya kanema "The Ciociara”Ndipo wachiwiri David di Donatello wa wochita bwino kwambiri wakunja. Atafunsidwa za chikhalidwe chosazolowereka kwa iye, Hepburn adati: "Ndine wolowerera. Kusewera msungwana wochezeka chinali chinthu chovuta kwambiri chomwe ndidachitapo".

Zosangalatsa

Mu 1963 Hepburn adasewera mu "Zosangalatsa ", Yotsogoleredwa ndi Stanley Donen. Mufilimuyi wojambulayo amathandizira Cary thandizo omwe anali atakana kale kuchita nawo "Tchuthi Chachiroma" ndi "Sabrina". Inali nthawi yoyamba komanso yomaliza kuti onse awiri agwire ntchito limodzi pa kanema. Chaka chotsatira, komabe, Cary Grant moseketsa adati: "Mphatso yokha yomwe ndikufuna pa Khrisimasi ndi kanema wina wa Audrey Hepburn!".

Mkazi Wanga Wokondedwa

Mu 1964 adagwira gawo limodzi mwamagawo odziwika kwambiri, a Eliza Adamchak mufilimu yoyimba "Mkazi Wanga Wokondedwa ". Icho chinasankhidwa mmalo mwa omwe sanali kudziwika panthawiyo Julie Andrews, yemwe adasewera Eliza pa Broadway. Hepburn poyamba adakana ntchitoyi ndikupempha kuti apatsidwe Andrews, koma atauzidwa kuti ntchitoyi ipita kwa Elizabeth Taylor osati Andrews, adaganiza zovomereza. Pazoyimba, wojambulayo adasankhidwa kukhala Golden Globe ndipo adapambana wachitatu David di Donatello. Popanda kuyimba mufilimuyi, sanatenge mwayi wosankha onse'Oscar for Best Actress in a Leading Role, zomwe pamapeto pake zidanenedwa ndi a Julie Andrews chifukwa chakuchita kwake mu "Mary Poppins".

"Momwe mungaba madola miliyoni ndikukhala mosangalala"Kuyambira mu 1966, inali imodzi mwamakanema omaliza a Wyler ndipo yachitatu komanso yomaliza pomwe ochita sewerowo adagwira ntchito ndi director director yemwe adamuwongolera mu 1953 paudindo wake woyamba"Maholide achiroma ". Kuchokera ku 1967 kupita mtsogolo adagwira ntchito kwambiri. Amusudzula Ferrer ndikukwatiwa ndi wazamisala waku Italy, Andrea Dotti, yemwe adabereka naye mwana wachiwiri, Luca. Hepburn adaganiza zopitilizabe kudzipereka pantchito ndikudzipereka pafupifupi nthawi yonse kubanja lake. Zomwe adakumana nazo komaliza ngati zisudzo sizinayende bwino, koma tsopano malingaliro a Hepburn anali kuwuluka kwina kulikonse. Kwa iye panali banja lake lokha ndi banja lake lina ... Unicef.

Audrey Hepburn. Imfa

Mu 1992, atabwerera kuchokera kuulendo wautali mu Somalia yachifundo, Hepburn adamva kuwawa kwam'mimba. Atawonedwa ndi dokotala waku Switzerland mu Okutobala, adapita ku Los Angeles kukawona akatswiri odziwa zambiri. Madokotala omwe adamuyesa adazindikira kuti pali khansa yomwe idayamba pang'onopang'ono, kwa zaka zambiri, mpaka kumtunda wonse ndipo adamuchitira opareshoni mu Novembala. Patatha mwezi umodzi adachita opareshoni kachiwirinso chifukwa cha zovuta zina ndipo madotolo adazindikira kuti khansayo inali yayikulu kwambiri kuti singachiritsidwe. Audrey Hepburn adamwalira ali mtulo madzulo a Januware 20, 1993 ku Tolochenaz, ku Canton ya Vaud, Switzerland, komwe adayikidwa. Anali ndi zaka 63. Kuphatikiza pa ana ndi Wolders, omwe anali amuna awo a Mel Ferrer ndi Andrea Dotti, mnzake wapamtima Hubert de Givenchy, oimira UNICEF komanso ochita zisudzo ndi abwenzi anali pamaliro Alain Delon e Roger Moore

Nkhani ya Stefano Vori

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