Icarus, pamene doping ndi boma

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masewera
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Osasewera ndi moto. Nthawi zonse ankatifotokozera, si choncho? Komabe, munthu ali ndi chidwi kwambiri za zomwe zikuchitika mozungulira iye kuti asokoneze chidwi chake ku chinthu chomwe wayamba kukumana nacho, makamaka ngati akudziwa kuti ndi chowopsa komanso choletsedwa.


Zili ngati zomwe zidachitikira wopanga filimuyo (komanso woyendetsa njinga wamasewera) Bryan Fogel pamene adaganiza zolemba zake kuyesa kwa doping, kusonyeza kuti kunali kosavuta kupusitsa mayeso.

Palibe amene akanaganiza kuti, mu 2017, "Icarus"Akadakhala filimu ya Netflix docu za chisokonezo chachikulu padziko lonse la masewera a ku Russia, Komanso kupambana patatha chaka Mphotho ya Academy ya Best Documentary.

Fogel, wothandizira wamkulu wa Lance Armstrong, anadabwa kwambiri atamva kuti fano lake linagwiritsanso ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Chifukwa chake, adaganiza zoyamba "ulendo" uwu ndipo kudzera pamakanema angapo ndi misonkhano, timamvetsetsa kusintha kwakukulu kuchokera pakufufuza kosavuta kupita ku. kuwonetsa kusakhulupirika pamasewera apamwamba kwambiri.

- Kutsatsa -

Ulendo wa Fogel umayamba kuchokera ku labotale yotsutsa-doping ya University of California ndi wasayansi Don Catlin, yemwe amatsimikizira chiphunzitso cha oyendetsa njinga: ndi njira zodzitetezera, mayesero akhoza kukondera. Komabe, Catlin akuganiza zobwerera m'mbuyo, akuwopa zotsatira zomwe kafukufukuyu angabweretse ndikudutsa mpirawo kwa mnzake-mutu wa labotale yaku Russia yolimbana ndi doping, Grigorij Rodčenkov, yemwe adzaulula zachinyengo zonse zokhudzana ndi Masewera a Sochi a 2014 (kutchula imodzi), otchedwa "Sochi Resultat" ntchito, makamaka yoperekedwa kwa KGB wakale (tsopano FSB) ndipo amathandizidwa ndi Putin mwiniwake. Koma tiyeni tipite mwadongosolo.

Pomwe Rodčenkov adapitilizabe kutsatira Fogel pa "ulendo" wake, pa 9 December 2014 zolemba zaku Germany zidatulutsidwa zomwe. anadzudzula othamanga a ku Russia a doping (lofalitsidwa ndithudi pambuyo poti odziwitsa achoka m'dziko). Ndipo apa ndi amene manja ake anatsegula bokosi ili la Pandora: WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) inayamba kufufuza motsutsana ndi Russian Federation povumbulutsa mafupa oposa angapo mu chipinda. Kuyambira zobisika mpaka zowononga zitsanzo a ziphuphu kuti abise mayeso; "Russia ndi ufumu wa zoipa" monga dokotala mwiniyo akunena. Chifukwa chake, pa Novembara 13, 2015, kuyimitsidwa kwamasewera aku Russia kumipikisano yonse kudalengezedwa.

Rodčenkov, mothandizidwa ndi Fogel, adatha kuthawira ku America ndipo, ola limodzi lisanafike kumapeto kwa zolemba zathu, tili ndi kuyankhulana kwautali komwe amawulula zonse zokhudza ntchito yake komanso (mwinamwake) moyo wake wachinsinsi.

icarus netflix

Ochita masewera olimbitsa thupi adatsata a pulogalamu yokhazikika yoperekedwa ndi boma lokha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti Putin ankadziwa zonse (ngakhale kuti onse awiri, nduna ya zamasewera panthawiyo Vitaly Mutko, ndi wachiwiri kwa nduna yake Iuri Nagornykh anayesa kukana umboni).

Doping mankhwala okonzedwa ndi Rodčenkov anali cocktail ya zinthu zitatu osakaniza ndi mowa wotsekemera. Akufotokozanso ndondomeko yonse yosinthanitsa zitsanzo za mkodzo woipitsidwa ndi woyera: chinali "khama lalikulu" la asayansi ndi othandizira a KGB wakale.

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Momwe zimagwirira ntchito mwachidule: zitsanzo A ndi B (zoyamba zomwe zidawunikidwa nthawi yomweyo, zachiwiri zomwe zimasungidwa kuti zitheke kufufuzanso ngati zitsanzo A zinali zabwino) zimadzazidwa pamaso pa woyang'anira ndikutsekedwa ndi kapu yomwe iyenera kugawanika kuti itsegulidwe. Usiku, Rodčenkov adapatsira mkodzo woipitsidwa kwa othandizira m'nyumba yoyandikana nayo yomwe idabweretsanso mabotolo okhala ndi mkodzo woyera. Anapanganso dongosolo lomwe limalola kuti atsegulidwe popanda kuswa kutseka.

Pamene adokotala adachotsa zonsezi, ku Russia adayesa kumunyoza ndipo mkazi wake ndi ana adafunsidwa, koma tsopano ntchito inali itayamba ndipo inayenera kupitirizidwa. Chifukwa chake zonse zidanenedwa kwa wina aliyense koma New York Times.

Pa June 17, 2016 adabwera kuletsa kwatsimikizika kwa anyamata a masewera othamanga ku Russia kuti apikisane nawo ku Rio Olympics ndipo, kuwonjezera pa mlingo, tsiku lotsatira WADA inapempha kuti othamanga onse asalowe nawo mpikisano. Pempho lomwe pambuyo pake linathetsedwa.

Rodčenkov, kumapeto kwa zolembazo, adalowa mu a pulogalamu yoteteza umboni kuopa kwambiri chitetezo chake. Anzake ena anali atapezeka atafa pazifukwa zake, tinene kuti amakayikira nkhanizo.

Mpaka pano, adotolo kulibe ndipo, atafunsidwa ndi BBC mu 2020, akunena kuti Russia sinasinthe ndipo palibe wothamanga yemwe akanayenera kupikisana nawo ku Tokyo. Koma bungwe la WADA linanena kuti anthu amene asonyeza kuti ndi oyera atha kutenga nawo mbali potsatira mbendera.

Pali masewera owopsa kusewera, koma ayenera kukumana nawo chifukwa cha dziko lathu lokondedwali.

Tengani maola angapo kuchokera tsiku lanu ndikuwona momwe sayansi yapitira patsogolo, ndipo mukugwirana dzanja, kuthekera kwa anthu kubisa zomwe ali zenizeni. Kuwunikiranso bwino ndikuwunika mozama banga lalikulu m'mbiri yamasewera kungakhale kosangalatsa.

L'articolo Icarus, pamene doping ndi boma Kuchokera Masewera obadwa.

- Kutsatsa -
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